VHK : : research engineers

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Current projectsFinished studies and articles

 

Current projects

Review study on the Ecodesign and Energy Regulations on ventilation units Opens a new window

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General Grow

Rreview study on the Ecodesign and Energy Regulations on Ventilation Units. Specifically, the existing Regulations EU 1253/2014 (Ecodesign requirements for ventilation units) and EU 1254/2014 (energy labelling of residential ventilation units) are being reviewed. The study includes an update of the Preparatory Studies.

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Finished studies and articles

 

2020

ICT Impact Assessment study

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, Viegand Maagøe
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

This impact study on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for the Commission Services concerns EU27 commercial and energy consumption data for ten ICT categories systems for the period 2010-2025 and preparing selected topics for EU policy options, amongst others to be used in the context of the Ecodesign and Energy Labelling Working Plan 2020-2024, which partially runs in parallel to this project.

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2019

Review study of ecodesign and energy labelling for space heating boilers and combination heaters

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, BRG Building Solutions
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

A review study of the regulation on ecodesign and labelling requirements for space heaters and combination heaters. The study covered the review of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 813/2013 and Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 811/2013.

Review study of ecodesign and energy labelling for water heaters and tanks Opens a new window

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, BRG Building Solutions
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

A review study of the regulation on ecodesign and labelling requirements for water heaters and tanks. The study covered the review of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 814/2013 and Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 812/2013.

Quantification of food waste per product group along the food supply chain in the European Union: a mass flow analysis PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, European Commission-Joint Research Centre
published in Elsevier Journal of Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Volume 149, October 2019, Pages 479-488

A systematized food waste accounting at macro scale level was developed for Europe. The accounting follows Mass Flow Analysis concepts, ensuring closed mass balance. Disaggregated values per food supply chain stages and per food groups are presented. Hotspots and food groups with higher share of food waste were identified. The stage contributing the most to food waste varies depending on the food group.

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2018

Review study pumps Opens a new window

Viegand Maagøe, Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

A study on pumps for the preparation of further and/or more advanced ecodesign and/or energy labelling requirements. The study will review and build upon Commission Regulation (EU) No 547/2012 and the preparatory studies on "Lot 28 waste water pumps" and "Lot 29 other pumps".

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2017

Minimizing food waste by improving storage conditions in household refrigeration Opens a new window

F. van Holsteijn, R. Kemna
published in Elsevier Journal of Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Volume 128, January 2018, Pages 25-31

Current household food storage conditions are suboptimal for many fresh products. Multiple temperature compartments in refrigerators can extend the shelf life of food. Optimized refrigerator design can be a useful tool to reduce food waste. Existing legislation on energy labelling of refrigeration appliances requires revision.

Rethinking the Function of the Fridge PDF file

F. van Holsteijn
published in Renewable Matter magazine 16, May-June 2017 (available with permission of ReteAmbiente s.r.l.)

Every year European households bin 84 million tonnes of food. Better food preservation can help cut waste and reduce at the same time energy consumption and envirionmental impact. Smart fridges can help exchange information with consumers on the best way to preserve food.

Optimal food storage conditions in refrigeration appliances PDF file

R. Kemna, F. van Holsteijn, VHK in collaboration with Oakdene Hollins
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

Preparatory/review study on Commission Regulation (EC) No. 643/2009 and Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No. 1060/2010 – complementary research on Optimal food storage conditions in refrigeration appliances.

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2016

Preparatory study Ecodesign preparatory study on Compressors (LOT 31) oil free and low pressure Opens a new window

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

This study aims to provide the European Commission with a technical, environmental and economical analysis of compressors driven by electric motors, as required under Article 15 of the Directive 2009/125/EC on Ecodesign.

Special review study on water heaters Opens a new window

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

A special study for Commission Regulation (EU) 814/2013 Article 7 (2) to assess the appropriateness of setting separate ecodesign requirements for different types of water heaters for review by the Ecodesign Consultation Forum.

Special review study on durability tests - According to Article 7(2) of Commission Regulation (EU) No 666/2013 with regard to ecodesign requirements for vacuum cleaners Opens a new window

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

This special review study follows Article 7(2) of Commission Regulation (EU) No 666/2013 on Ecodesign requirements for vacuum cleaners, which specifies that the durability requirements on hose (at least 40 000 oscillations) and motors (at least 500 hours at half-loaded receptacle) shall be reviewed.

Special Report Material Inputs for Production Pertaining to the study on ecodesign impact accounting PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

This report is an addition to the main Ecodesign Impact Accounting (EIA) of March 2016. It calculates the material consumption for the production of the 2010 sales and the 'installed stock'.

Ecodesign Impact Accounting Status Report PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

The Ecodesign Impact Accounting is continued in this study 4 (EIA II) for a period of three years starting from December 2015. This report is a first interim report of the EIA II study and takes into account the information available on 1 January 2016.

MONICAIR PDF file

MONICAIR consortium

Monicair is a pre-competitive research project for and with the Dutch ventilation industry, supported by the Netherlands government. It has monitored indoor air quality, related energy use and many physical and behavioural parameters in 60 dwellings over a whole calender year. The project, the largest of its kind, evaluated the performance of more than 10 different types of mechanical ventilation systems and came up with surprising results. See also website: www.monicair.nl

Preparatory review study of the existing Ecodesign and Energy Label regulations for household refrigeration appliances PDF file

VHK and ARMINES in collaboration with Viegand & Maagøe and Wuppertal Institute
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

Preparatory study in response of the review clauses (Art. 7) of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 643/2009 with regard to ecodesign requirements for household refrigeration appliances and Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No. 1060/2010 with regard to energy labelling of household refrigeration appliances

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2015

Preparatory Study on Light Sources for Ecodesign and/or Energy Labelling Requirements (Lot 8/9/19) PDF file

VITO, Van Holsteijn en Kemna, Viegand & Maagøe, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy GmbH, ARMINES
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

This study, assigned by the European Commission, prepares for a comprehensive review of the four existing ecodesign and energy labelling regulations for Light Sources ('Lot 8/9/19') in the European Union 1. It aims at setting more ambitious targets, removing flaws and possibly unifying the existing regulations into one or two improved pieces of legislation.

Ecodesign of Window Products, Lot 32 PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, ift Rosenheim, VITO
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

Preparatory study under Working Plan 2012-2014 (established according to article 16(1) of the Ecodesign Directive).

Ecodesign Fan Review study of Commission Regulation (EU) No 327/2011 PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

This study provides background information to the Commission in relation to the revision of Commission Regulation 327/2011 with regard to ecodesign requirements for fans driven by motors with an electric input power between 125 W and 500 kW.

Lunchtime debate - Ensuring a non-toxic circular economy PDF file

René Kemna, 2015

A presentation at the European Parliament about ensuring a non-toxic circular economy.

 

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2014

Exploratory analysis of Resource efficiency requirements in Ecodesign: Review of practical and legal implications PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu, DGMI (Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment - Directorate-General for Environment and International Affairs)

This study for the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment explores the potential role of material resource efficiency, except energy efficiency during use, in the Ecodesign of Energy-related Products (ErP) Directive.

Average EU building heat load for HVAC equipment PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

This study assesses the energy consumption of space heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment. This equipment is the largest contributor to the total EU energy consumption.

Technical assistance to Lot 21 Chillers PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

"Omnibus" Review Study on Cold Appliances, Washing Machines, Dishwashers, Washer-Driers, Lighting, Set-top Boxes and Pumps PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, VITO, Viegand & Maagøe, Wuppertal Institute for Climate
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

An exploratory study to provide a prioritisation and indication of extensiveness of review activities related to measures that currently exist for eight product groups: Domestic Washing Machines, Domestic Dishwashers, Domestic Washer-Driers, Domestic Cold Appliances, Lighting products (non-directional, tertiary and 'special purpose'), Set-top Boxes.

Ecodesign Preparatory Study on Electric motor systems / Compressors (Lot 31) PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy

 

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2012

Technical Background Study in Support of Environmental Product Policy for Hydronic Central Heating Generators PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for Institute for Prospective Technological Studies

Final Report of the technical background study for IPTS (Institute for Prospective Technology Studies in Seville, Spain) in order to support Directorate General Environment (DG ENV) in the development of Ecolabel and Green Public Procurement (GPP) criteria for the specific product group "hydronic central heating generators".

Ecodesign Preparatory Study ENTR Lot 6 - Ventilation and Air conditioning PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry

A preparatory study on Air Conditioning and Ventilation Systems in the context of the Ecodesign Directive. This study was being carried out for the European Commission (Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry). See also the website ecohvac.eu

Study on Amended Working Plan under the Ecodesign Directive PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry

This study provides the European Commission and the stakeholders of the Consulation Forum with background information and analysis in order to establish the (second) Working Plan. The Working Plan sets out an indicative list of product groups which are considered priorities for the adoption of implementing measures under the Ecodesign Directive.
The study started mid November 2010 and was finalised in December 2011 and was carried out for the European Commission (DG Enterprise and Industry) by VHK. See also the website ecodesign-wp2.eu

 

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2011

Methodology for Ecodesign of Energy-related Products

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry

This study provides the European Commission with an update and an extension of the existing methodology of MEEuP to arrive at a Methodology for the Ecodesign of Energy-related Products (MEErP), to be used in future preparatory studies for measures under the recast of the Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC.
The study is being carried out for the European Commission, under the framework contract TREN/R1/350-2008 Lot 3, Specific Contract No. SI2.581529, by COWI Belgium in collaboration with VHK in charge of operations.

 

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2010

Energy analysis for Quooker PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for Peteri BV

An energy analysis of two products produced by Peteri BV: The Quooker PRO3-VAQ for boiling water and the Quooker COMBI for both boiling water and hot water. The analysis is split into two parts: The first part describes the performance of both Quookers when compared to other products producing boiling water. The second part focuses on the performance of the Quooker Combi as a water heater in the light of upcoming minimum energy efficiency requirements and energy labelling of dedicated water heaters.

 

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2008

Elektrische apparatuur in Nederlandse Huishoudens 1980-2020 PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for SenterNovem

Sinds 2005 kunnen vele energieverbruikende apparaten onderworpen worden aan Europese regelgeving betreffende hun minimale energie efficiency (Ecodesign Directive 2005/32/EC, herzien als 2009/125/EC). Om de effecten van deze regelgeving, en de samenhangende bestaande regeling op gebied van Energy Labelling (Energie-etikettering), te beschrijven, is in deze studie het verbruik van huishoudelijke elektrische apparaten berekend tot aan het jaar 2020 op basis van verwacht bezit, gebruik binnen huishoudens en de energie efficiency van apparaten volgens diverse scenario's. Het Hoofdrapport geeft de algemene conclusies en uitkomsten weer. De studie is in 2008 uitgevoerd in opdracht van SenterNovem (tegenwoordig RVO Nederland).

 

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2007

Preparatory Study on Eco-design of Water Heaters PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General Transport and Energy (DG TREN)

A report on the legislation, standards and voluntary measures regarding water heaters. Its scope is to identify whether appropriate primary performance and product definitions exist as well as appropriate test standards that could be used for Specific Measures following Annex II of the 2005/32/EC directive as well as Article 14 on Consumer Information.

Preparatory Study on Eco-design of Central Heating Boilers PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General Transport and Energy (DG TREN)

A report on the legislation, standards and voluntary measures regarding central heating boilers (incl. combi-boilers). Its scope is to identify whether appropriate primary performance and product definitions exist as well as appropriate test standards that could be used for Specific Measures following Annex II of the 2005/32/EC directive as well as Article 14 on Consumer Information.

 

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2005

Methodology Study Eco-design of Energy-using Products PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry, Unit G/3

The aim of the Methodology study for Ecodesign of Energy-using Products (MEEUP) is to contribute to the creation of a methodology allowing to evaluate whether and to which extent various energy-using products fulfil certain criteria that make them eligible for implementing measures under the Ecodesign of EuP Directive 2005/32/EC.

 

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2003

Second ECCP Progress Report: Can we meet our Kyoto targets? PDF file

VHK Contribution: Annex I and several paragraphs. VHK acted as a consultant to the European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment, in the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) during the 2001-2003 period.
for European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment

 

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2002

Heat from Renewable Energy Sources, The RES-H initiative and related directives PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for European Commission, Climate Change Unit, Directorate-General for the Environment

This report gives a short update of the current status of RES-H in the EU, identifies barriers to deployment and sketches the saving potential. This work is part of the general VHK 2002 consultancy contract for the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP).

Future Electronics documents PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for Ademe, France

Assessing the energy efficiency of IT-equipment in the residential sector is of paramount importance, not only because it is a product segment of rapid growth, but also because a thorough analysis will lay the basis for innovative developments.

 

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2001

Dematerialisation (2001, English) PDF file
Dematerialisatie (2001, Nederlands) PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna
for Dutch Ministry of VROM (Environment)

The notion of reducing the consumption of 'tonnes of material' speaks volumes to everyone's imagination. However, the concept also raises questions.

 

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1999

Gasconcepten voor de zichtjaren 2000, 2010, 2020:
Een toekomstvisie op energiebesparingsmogelijkheden in de woningbouw, gebaseerd op gastoepassingen
PDF file

R.C.A. van Holsteijn, M.P.W. Tak and W.L.K. Li
Van Holsteijn en Kemna, Delft februari 1999

Concepts for implementation of gasfired appliances and their energy savings, projected  for the years 2000, 2010 and 2020.
Language: Dutch

Revision European Eco-label criteria for refrigerators PDF file

R.B.J. Kemna
Van Holsteijn en Kemna, Delft june 1999

Policy report for European Commission DG XI. Contains LCA (Life Cycle Analysis), technical, commercial and economical background information. Reasons for the "A plus" and other criteria.

Energy related issues of Consumer Electronics PDF file

P.J.S. Siderius
Van Holsteijn en Kemna, Delft May 1999

Publication for Novem and the GEA/VIA group. Summarizes results from technical studies of VHK and others in this field over the past 3 years. Featuring TV, VCR, IRD and other decoders, set-top boxes, standby losses and energy use in on-mode.

 

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1998

Analysis of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Potential for TV's in on-mode PDF file

B.P.F. Huenges Wajer and P.J.S. Siderius
Novem, Sittard November 1998

 

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1995

Background reports on Efficient Washing Machines, Dishwashers and Driers PDF file

Group for Efficient Appliances (GEA), Working Group - Club EnR
Van Holsteijn en Kemna, 1995

Technical and economical analysis for the EU Energy Label for the Group for Efficient Appliances. A classic with 140 pages of technical details of energy saving design options and their economical implications.

De koop van energie efficiënt witgoed PDF file

ERM, juli/augustus 1995, p16-19
R.B.J. Kemna
article, 3 pages
Language: Dutch

Energy-efficiency stimuleren in winkel PDF file

ERM, maart 1995, p 28-31
R.B.J. Kemna
article, 3 pages
Language: Dutch

Technische kenmerken van zuinige witgoedapparaten PDF file

ERM, september 1995, p 28-31
R.B.J. Kemna
article, 3 pages
Language: Dutch

Stille stroomvreters knagen aan elektriciteitsrekening PDF file

ERM, oktober 1995, p 26-27
R.B.J. Kemna
article, 2 pages
Language: Dutch

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1994

E-scenario PDF file

Novem, Netherlands
Van Holsteijn en Kemna, 1994

Brochure (project summary of Novem project) regarding a scenario for 80% electricity saving in the Dutch households through fuel-switch from electricity to gas.
Language: Dutch, English

 

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1993

Eco-design for halfmasks PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, 1993

From "Eco-design: acht voorbeelden van milieuberichte produktontwikkeling". A case-study of environmentally friendly design.
Language: Dutch

 

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1992

Oefenproject; 'milieumaten voor de CV-ketel Nefit turbo 21' PDF file

R.B.J. Kemna and J.E. Behage
Nefit BV, Deventer juni 1992
Language: Dutch

Milieubewust ontwerpen PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, 1992

Column in Milieumagazine. Review of environmentally friendly design practice for cars, coffins, lighting, wet appliances and steel products. Beautiful illustrations by Joep Bertrams.
Language: Dutch

 

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1991

Electricity Consumption for Lighting in the Dutch Home, Development of an Accounting Method PDF file

in: Right Light Bright Light, Proceedings of the bi-annual European Conference for Energy-Efficiency in Lighting organised by IAEEL (www.iaeel.org), Stockholm, 1991
B. Huenges Wajer (NOVEM) and R.B.J. Kemna (VHK)

ION papers - Articles for the Dutch design magazine Industrieel Ontwerpen Nederland PDF file

R.B.J. Kemna and R.C.A. van Holsteijn
Van Holsteijn en Kemna, Delft juni 1991
Language: Dutch

 

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1984

Articles in "Vorm & Industrie in Nederland, 2: meubelen" PDF file

Van Holsteijn en Kemna, 1984

Articles written by R. van Holsteijn and R. Kemna for a promotional project for good design in small and medium enterprises.
Language: Dutch

 

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1981

Energy conscious design (English) PDF file
Energiebewust ontwerpen (Nederlands) PDF file

R.B.J. Kemna, 1981

Syllabus University of Technology Delft on energy-conscious product design (energy analysis of materials and their application) First published in 1981 and now in its 6th (unrevised) print. Today's absolute energy values may be 10-15% lower, but the message is still valid.

 

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